To commemorate the martyrdom of younger
sons of Guru Gobind Singh who were bricked alive in 1704 by Wazir Khan, the then
Fauzdar of Sirhind, a magnificent Gurudwara has been constructed. This Gurudwara
is known as Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, because it marks the conquest of the
Sikhs in 1710 when under the leadership of Banda Bahadur, the Sikhs ran over the
area and razed the fort (built during Balban's rule) to the ground.
The main entrance to the Gurudwara was
built by Maharaja Yadvindra Singh of Patiala in 1952. The historical wall where
the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh were bricked has been preserved in this
Gurudwara. The sanctuary containing the historic wall in known as Gurudwara
Gurudwara Burj Mata Gujri and Gurudwara
Shahid Ganj are also located in the main complex of Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib.
It was at the site of Gurudwara Burj Mata Gujri that the two younger sons, Fateh
Singh and Zorawar Singh of Guru Gobind Singh and his mother were kept in
confinement by Wazir Khan, the fort was known as `THANDA BURJ' which was
considered a cool place during the summer. But it was a punishment for Guru's
sons and his mother to keep them here in extreme winter. It was at this place
that Mata Gujri collapsed on hearing the news of the martyrdom of her grandsons.
Later on, Gurdwara Mata Gujri was constructed at this place.
The Gurudwara Shahid Ganj has been built
to commemorate the memory of those brave Sikhs who were killed while fighting
with the Mughal forces under the banner of Banda Bahadur. They were cremated at
A very big hall in the memory of Seth
Todar Mal who purchased land by paying gold coins for the cremation of the said
martyrs has been constructed behind the main Gurudwara. A big tank has also been
built in the Complex. An commemorative Jor Mela is held here in the month of
December every year. A large number of pilgrims visit here.
Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup
This Gurudwara is about 1 Km from
Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the
mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind and his two younger
sons, Fateh Singh and Zorawar Singh were cremated. It is believed that Wazir
Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies
unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it.
Seth Todar Mal who was an ardent devotee
of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as
Gurudwara Shaheed Ganj
It is situated just half a kilometer from
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib. It commemorates the martyrdom of those Sikhs who were
killed by the tyrannical Mughals. It is believed that forty cartloads of heads
of martyred Sikhs, were cremated.
On the Sirhind-Bassi Pathana Road, near
Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib is the magnificent RAUZA OR DARGAH of Shaikh Ahmad
Faruqi Sirhindi, popularly known as Mujaddid, Alf-Isfani who lived in the times
of Akbar and Jahangir from 1563 to 1624.
The Shaikh is held in high esteem and is
considered by Sunni Muslims to be second to prophet Mohammed. For this reason,
this mausoleum is regarded as a second Macca by the Sunni Muslims.
Every year, thousands of pilgrims from
various parts of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangla Desh and other Muslim
countries visit this place to participate in the celebrations, known as Urs of
Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi. The date of annual celebrations vary from year to year.
Every year, these celebrations precede by ten days than the previous year. By
the side of the Rauza are the tombs of the Afghan Ruler, Shah Zaman and his
Tomb of Nabis at
The tomb of Nabis is situated at a
distance of 20 kms. from Fatehgarh Sahib headquaters . It is said that Sheikh
Ahmad Faruqui Sirhindi Muzdad Alafsani came and offered his obesience here and
said that thirteen Nabis (favourites of Allah) are buried here. Excavation
followed and 11 human skeletons were found at the site. The grave of these 11
Nabis can still be seen today. This Mosque was constructed under the supervision
of Dr. Nizamuddin of Malerkotla . The tomb is erected on a raised platform and
the villagers have lot of respect for this place.
For this reason there is no upper storey
in the village and no one sleeps on the roof of his or her house. Devotees from
China and Afghanistan also visit this place. People visiting the Rauza Sharif
make it a point to visit Brass as well.
Das Nami Akhara
This religious place is situated very
close to the Dargah of Baba Salar Pir. It commemorates the memory of Baba Hardit
Giri who was a great saint. Annual congregations are held here for three days
that is on the Friday, Saturday and Sunday after Dewali. On Monday, a grand
BHANDARA is held. Preachers deliver religious sermons to the people.
Janam Ashtmi and Shivratri are also
celebrated here with great enthusiasm.
Langar (free kitchen) is served to the
people on both these occasions. A Sanskrit School is also being run by the
Managing Committee of the Dera.
Mata Chakreshvri Devi Jain Temple
This ancient temple is believed to be 1000
years old and is situated in village Attewali on Sirhind-Chandigarh Road . The
legend has that during the times of Raja Prithvi Raj Chauhan, a large number of
pilgrims from Rajasthan were going in bullock carts to the ancient Jain Temple
of Kangra (situated still in Kangra Fort) to have the blessings of Lord Adi
Nath. The pilgrims had also brought an idol of Mata Chakreshwari Devi, an ardent
worshipper (known as Rakshak Devi or Lord Adinath) of Lord Adinath. On their way
, the carvan halted for the night at the present site.
Next morning when the caravan was all set
to move , the Rath (Chariot) carrying the idol of Mata Shri Chakreshwari Devi
did not move inspite of the best efforts of the pilgrims. The devotees were at a
loss to know the reason and were perplexed. Then all of a sudden, there was
flood of light inside the Palki carrying the idol and there was an AKASHWANI
`Let this be my place of Abode'. The pilgrims said `Mother, this is all sandy
area, there is no water, around here, we had a miserable night yesterday'. The
voice replied, A few yards towards north of this place dig the land and you will
get water'. To the astonishment of pilgrims, they just dug a few feet and a
fountain of water started flowing .
The pilgrims were very much pleased and
they installed the idol of Mata Chakreshwari Devi at this place and built a
beautiful temple there. The pilgrims also settled here. An annual function is
held on 14th. Moon day of Assu, i.e. 4th day after day after Dussehra, which is
attended by large number of devotees. The festival opens on the night of 13th
Moon day and closes on PURANMASHI.
The spiritual powers of Mata Chakreshwari
Devi have been depicted very nicely on one of the walls of the temple through
very fine glass work in a majestic style. The fountain of water has been
converted into a small well and big temple of Lord Adinath is under construction
on this site. Even today, the water of this tank is held sacred by the devotees
and they carry home to preserve the same considering it as sacred as water of
Ganga. home to preserve the same considering it as sacred as water of Ganga.
Sant Namdev Temple at Bassi Pathana
Sant Namdev, an exponent of Bhakti Marg
stayed here for a considerable period and preached Bhakti Marg (way to worship
God) to the people of the area. He moved from this place to other towns of the
Punjab for spreading his religious message.
As this saint preceded the Sikh Gurus, 61
of his `Shaloks' have been included in Guru Granth Sahib. This place is now
known as `Swami Namdev Ji Ka Dera'. Later on , a magnificent temple was
constructed on this place in 1925. A big fair is held here for three days on
Basant Panchmi, when a large number of persons from various parts of Punjab and
adjoining states visit the place.
Mosque of Sadhana Kasai at sirhind
This mosque is situated in the North-west
of Sirhind-Ropar Railway Line just near level crossing. This historical monument
is under the control of Archaeology Department. It is made of `Sirhindi Bricks'
and its paintings are of `T' art. One `Shabad' of Sadhana Kasai had been
incorporated in the holy Shri Guru Granth Sahib.
Haveli Todar Mal
The Haveli Todar Mal also known as Jahaz
Haveli is situated on the Eastren side of Sirhind-Ropar Railway Line just 1 KM
away from Fatehgarh Sahib. It is made of Sirhindi bricks.It is the Haveli where
Diwan Todar Mal resided. Diwan Todar Mal in his life time paid the greatest
tribute to Sikh community by purchasing piece of land at the substantial cost
for the cremation of two younger Sahibzada's Baba Zorawar Singh & Baba Fateh
Singh from the Mughal emperors. With this act he incurred the wrath of the
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