Successful Decentralization Initiative

Carrying the experiment of decentralized governance further, the district has taken another step forward by empowering the panchayats of two villages to operate and maintain the rural drinking water supply system. One such rural water supply scheme is operational at village- Chunni Khurd in Block- Khera of the district.

This scheme was originally commissioned during June,1989 under the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) at a water allowance of 40 Litres Per Capita Per Day (LPCD) covering four villages namely Chunni Kalan, Chunni Khurd, Khanpur Behlan & Sirkapra. Later, it was augmented/trifurcated to 70 Litres Per Capita Per Day(LPCD) under RIDF-VII (1) and was commissioned during October, 2002. With this augmentation, this scheme has been reduced to a single village scheme. The total capital cost of the scheme has been approximately Rs.31.04 lakhs.

As per instructions of the Punjab Government to hand over the single village schemes to the concerned panchayats, this scheme was handed over to the Gram Panchayat during June, 2004 and since then, it is being successfully operated by the Gram Panchayat.

At present, there are 247 private water connections under this scheme. The panchayat has hired two persons @Rs. 1500 p.m. for maintaining the water supply infrastructure. The entire maintenance cost of the scheme covering the wages, electricity bills, cost of bleaching powder, repair of machinery, pipelines etc. is being met with out of the revenue collected from the water users.The experiment has proved to be economically viable. In the year 2004-05, the earnings from the water connections stood at Rs.1, 45, 224/- while the annual expenditure came to Rs.1,10,849.

Another such scheme is operational at village- Chunni Kalan in Block- Khera of the district.

This scheme was originally commissioned during June,1989 under the Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) at a water allowance of 40 Litres Per Capita Per Day(LPCD) for four villages namely Chunni Kalan, Chunni Khurd, Khanpur Behlan & Sirkapra. Later, it was augmented/trifurcated to 70 Litres Per Capita Per Day (LPCD) under RIDF-VII (1) and was commissioned during October, 2002. With this augmentation, this scheme has been reduced to a single village scheme. The total capital cost of the original scheme has been approximately Rs.24.46 lakhs.

As per instructions of the Punjab Government to hand over the single village schemes to the concerned panchayats, this scheme was handed over to the Gram Panchayat during June, 2004 and since then, it is being successfully operated by the Gram Panchayat.

At present, there are 366 private water connections under this scheme. The panchayat has hired two persons @Rs. 1900 p.m. for maintaining the water supply infrastructure. The entire maintenance cost of the scheme covering the wages, electricity bills, cost of bleaching powder, repair of machinery, pipelines etc. is being met with out of the revenue collected from the water users.The experiment has proved to be economically viable. In the year 2004-05, the earnings from the water connections stood at Rs.2, 99, 698/- while the annual expenditure came to Rs.2,67,500.

 

SWAJALDHARA

SWAJALDHARA

Reforms in the rural drinking water supply sector were adopted in 1999 in the country and pilot Projects in selected districts were taken up. The basic concept of the reforms includes community participation in the planning, implementation, operation & maintenance of the schemes of its choice.

 

 

 

This is a paradigm shift from supply driven to a demand responsive approach, centralized to the decentralized service delivery, from the top down to the bottom up approach and ultimately to change the role of Government from that of a service provider to a facilitator. Swajaldhara programme was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 25.12.2002.

Principals

  1. Adopting of a demand-responsive, adaptable approach along with community participation based on empowerment of villagers to ensure their full participation in the project through a decision making role in the choice of the drinking water scheme, planning, design, implementation, control of finances and management arrangements.
  2. Full ownership of drinking water assets with appropriate levels of panchayats.
  3. Panchayats / communities to have the powers to plan, implement, operate, maintain and manage all water supply and sanitation schemes.
  4. Partial capital cost sharing wither in cash or kind including labour or both, 100% responsibility of operation and maintenance (O&M) by the users.
  5. An integrated service delivery mechanism.
  6. Taking up of conservation measures through rain water harvesting and ground water recharge systems for sustained drinking water supply.
  7. Shifting the role of Government from direct service delivery to that of planning, policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation, and partial financial support.

Community Contribution

The minimum share of community contribution for 40 liters per capital per day (lpcd) service level will be 10 percent of the estimated capital cost of the project and funding by Government of India would be restricted to 90% of the capital cost.

The community contribution towards the capital cost of schemes could be in the form of cash / kind / labour / land or combination of these. However, at least 50% of the community contribution is more than 10% of the scheme cost, the excess amount shall be taken into operation and maintenance fund.

Gram Panchayat (GP) / village water and sanitation committee (vwsc)

 

VWSC under the Gram Panchayat will implement Swajaldhara schemes in the Gram Panchayat. Each Gram Panchayat taking up Swajaldhara schemes shall have a village water and sanitation committee (VWSC) under the chairmanship of the Gram Panchayat Pardhan / President / a Panchayat Member elected by the members of the VWSC for implementation of drinking water supply schemes of their own choice with active participation of the villages.

 

 

Participation of Woman

Since collection of drinking water in villages is primarily done by women they need to be actively involved in planning, choice of technologies, location of systems, implementation, operation and maintenance of water supply schemes. Towards this end, at least one third members of the VWSC shall be women and they should get preference in training for repair of hand pumps, etc. Formatting of users Groups exclusively of women in villages may be promoted.

Operation, Maintenance & Management (O&M)

Operation, maintenance and management cost of the water supply schemes will have to be fully borne by the concerned Community / user Group / Village Water and Sanitation Committee / Panchayati Raj Institution. This would recurring costs like salary of operation, electricity charges as well as cost of periodic repair and renewal. It would be imperative on the part of the likely O&M costs of various technology options before they select the technology for their water supply scheme.

 

 

SWAJALDHARA PROGRAMME OF DISTT. FATEHGARH SAHIB.

 The administration approval for Providing W/S Scheme to 3 villages of Distt. Fatehgarh Sahib under Swajaldhara project has been accorded by DWSM as under:

Sr.No.

Name of Scheme

Block

Admn. approval of DWSM Fatehgarh Sahib

1.

W/S Scheme, Cholti Kheri

Khera

19.85

2.

W/S Scheme, Ratan Pallon

Almoh

20.17

3.

W/S Scheme, Nalini

Sirhind

23.14

A sum of Rs. 25.04 lacs was released by the central govt. towards the first installment of the above 3 Nos. schemes which has already been expended on these schemes. The requisition to released the second installment with respect to above schemes has already been sent to the central govt.

Apart from above the following water supply schemes have received the admn. approval of DWSM Fatehgarh Sahib.

Sr.No.

Name of Scheme

Block

Admn. approval of DWSM Fatehgarh Sahib

1.

W/S Scheme, Harna

Khera

16.31

2.

W/S Scheme, Jamitgarah

Khera

21.29

3.

W/S Scheme, Nabipur

Sirhind

19.95

 

Water Supply Scheme Chunni Kalan, Block. Khera, District Fatehgarh Sahib.

Estimated Cost of Original Scheme :- 24.46 lacs

This scheme was originally commissioned during 06/1989 under ARWSP programme at a water allowance of 40 litre per capita per day(LPCD) for four villages namely Chunni Kalan, Chunni Khurd, Khanpur Behlan & Sirkapra and later on it was augmented/ trifurcated to 70 LPCD. With this augmentation, this scheme has been reduced to a single village scheme. As per Punjab Govt. instructions to hand over the single village scheme to the concerned panchayats, this scheme was handed over to the Gram Panchayat during June 2004 and is being successfully operated by the Gram Panchayat since then. At present, there are 390 private water connections on this scheme. The total maintenance cost of the scheme covering establishment, Electric Bills, cost of Bleaching powder and repair of Machinery etc. is being met with from revenue collection. Hence, the scheme is viable and can be properly maintained from the revenue collected from the private water connection.

The funds for these schemes have been demanded from the central govt.

 
 
 
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